A few excerpts from "TRAGEDY AND HOPE: A HISTORY OF THE WORLD IN OUR TIME"   By Carroll Quigley

(with notes from John C. Turmel and John Cross)

I recommend the following excerpts from the book titled "Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in our Time," ISBN 0913022-14-4 authored by Georgetown University professor Carroll Quigley. The 1311-page book was first published in 1966 by The MacMillan Co., New York, and Collier-MacMillan Ltd., London, and reprinted by GSC & Associates, P.O. Box 6448, Rancho Palos Verdes, CA 90734.

Professor Quigley taught Bill Clinton at Georgetown's Foreign Service School. He also taught at Princeton and Harvard. Clinton paid tribute to the professor in his acceptance speech when nominated for president. Clinton also attended Oxford University in England as a Rhodes scholar.

This is not a book for the novice, but neither is it so academic that you cannot wade through it. During the 1980's and early 1990's I had only read exerpts from Professor Quigley's work in various alternative magazines and publications. In the mid-1990's, I surprisingly found a copy of "Tragedy and Hope" in the Ottawa Public Library. (I'm not sure that it is still there.)

John C. Turmel also borrowed the book from the Ottawa Public Library and wrote an excellent review. It is posted at this URL: www.cyberclass.net/turmel/quig00.htm

John C. Turmel notes: "Dr. Carroll Quigley is best known as Bill Clinton's professor of history at the Foreign Service School of Georgetown University. He also taught at Princeton and at Harvard. His 1300 page book "Tragedy and Hope" is unique among other history books in its exposure of the role of International Banking cabal behind-the-scenes in world affairs.

He does not spend a lot of time explaining what he calls "unorthodox" financial methods as opposed to "orthodox" financial
methods which can be be distinguished by the fact that "orthodox" finance has governments allowing banks to create the money and then borrowing that money from them at interest to create massive growth of public debt whereas "unorthodox" finance has government Treasuries create the money and borrowing that money from the Treasury without interest to create a stable debt where all payments go against the principal.

The recurrent theme of these historical texts is the oppression of the poor by the International bankers. When I speak of Rothschild and Rockefeller (R&R), I am treating them as the epitome of the parasitic usurer families for according to the golden rule, those who have the gold makes the rules and throughout most of recent history, the Rothschild and Rockefeller families have been the most prominent owners of the gold. Blame for all the genocides and most murders of recent history can be laid at their feet though it is a responsibility shared by their banker cronies the world over. I know that if Christ came back and had a whip in hand, it's these moneylenders he's go after, once again.

Over and over, Quigley details governments acting for the benefits of the owners of money to the detriment of the poor to the point where the poor strike or riot rather than face starvation quietly. Quigley, on a regular basis, mentions orthodox versus unorthodox financial methods without ever detailing the unorthodox methods responsible for the happiness of the citizens though he goes into great depth about the orthodox financial methods which result in such oppressive misery. Whereas orthodox financial methods can be best explained as government licensing private banks to create the money and then borrow it from them at interest whereas unorthodox financial methods can be best explained as government Treasury creating the money and paying no interest to middlemen."

Professor Carroll Quigley makes the following points:

p. 52  "The  names of some of these banking families are familiar to all of us and should be more so. They include Baring, Lazard, Erlanger, Warburg, Schroder, Seligman, the Speyers, Mirabaud, Mallet, Fould, and above all Rothschild and Morgan."
pp. 60-62 300 men control the central planning for the European banking and economic life. (Note: If you really want to     know the powers behind the scenes read a book titled: "Conspirators' Hierarchy: The Story of the Committee of   300," by Dr. John Coleman, a former intelligence officer with the British Military Intelligence agency known as     MI6). Order from America West Publishers, P.O. Box 3300, Bozeman, MT 59772.)
p. 72. J.P. Morgan precipitated the stock market crash of 1907.
p. 102   Professor Quigley explains the Russian mindset.
p. 144   The Roundtable Groups were set up to extend the British influence as envisioned by diamond magnate Cecil Rhodes. The Roundtable Group in America is the Council on Foreign Relations. "The Roundtable Groups try to federate the Empire and try to bring the U.S. into this same orientation" (note: the "James Bond" series disguises fact as fiction. Ian Fleming was an agent for MI6.)
p. 316    Fiat money consists of Treasury notes that fulfill bankers' liabilities.
p. 324   The world's central banks are private corporations.
p. 324  The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is "a central banker's bank."
p. 328   Money is a credit, a present claim on future wealth (as in, promissory "note").
p. 61 Professor Quigley elaborates on one way in which the banks gain control -- by financing government debt. In      history, they have done the same thing when they have financed capital outlays for corporations:

"But before that stage was reached a relatively small number of bankers were in positions of immense influence in  European and American economic life. As early as 1909, Walter Rathenau, who was in a position to know (since he had inherited from his father control of the German General Electric Company and held scores ofdirectorships himself), said, "Three hundred men, all of whom know one another, direct the economic destiny of Europe and choose their successors from among themselves."

"The power of investment bankers over governments rests on a number of  factors, of which the most significant,  perhaps, is the need for governments to issue short-term treasury bills as well as long-term government bonds. Just as businessmen go to commerical banks for current capital advances to smooth over the discrepancies between their irregular and intermittent incomes and their periodic and persistent outgoes . . so a government has to go to merchant bankers (or institutions controlled by them) to tide over the shallow places caused by irregular tax receipts."  

"As experts in government bonds, the international bankers not only handled the necessary advances but provided advice to government officals, and, on many occasions, placed their own members in official posts (directorships) for varied periods to deal with special problems."

Re: Page 950: (John Cross' Notes: When the Soviet Union "collapsed" and opened its archives to the west, many of the charges in the 1950s and 60s of Communist infiltration into the U.S. government were proven to be of record. Also, Armand
Hammer of Occidental Petroleum built a truck factory in the USSR and generally supported the Bolsheviks.

He promoted Al Gore's father when the senior Gore was in the U.S. Senate. My own father is four-score years and six, and three-score years ago and ten he became acquainted with Gore Sr. when the latter was a principal and high school           basketball coach before he ran for the U.S. Senate.)
p. 950 Says Professor Quigley: "There does exist, and has existed for a generation, an international Anglophile network which operates, to some extent, in the way the radical Right believes the Communists act. In fact, this network, which we may identify as the Round Table Groups, has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists, or any other groups, and frequently does so. I know of the operations of this network because I have studied it for twenty years and was permitted for two years, in the early 1960s, to examine its papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to most of its aims and have, for much of my life, been close to it and to many of its instruments."

"The Round Table Groups were semi-secret discussion and lobbying groups organized by . . . .This was done on behalf of  Lord Milner, the dominant Trustee of the Rhodes Trust in the two decades 1905-1925. The original purpose of these groups was to seek to federate the English-speaking world along lines laid down by Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902) and William T. Stead  (1849-1912), and the money for the organizational work came originally from the Rhodes Trust.

"Since 1925 there have been substantial contributions from wealthy individuals and from foundations and firms associated with the international banking fraternity, especially the Carnegie United Kingdom Trust, and other organizations associated with J.P. Morgan, the Rockefellers and Whitney families, and the associates of Lazard Brothers and of Morgan, Grenfell, and Company."

Another book title that is quoted fairly often in relation to world politics and power is G. Edward Griffin's  "The Creature       from Jekyll Island: A Second Look at the Federal Reserve."  Order from American Media, P.O. Box 4646, Westlake         Village, CA 91359-1646   Tel: 1.800-595-6596

Other topics addresssed in Caroll Quigley's book:

p.  25    The Name of the Game is Bailout.
p. 171   The Secret Science.
p. 217   The Rothschild Formula.
p. 234   Period Cartoons about the Rothschilds.
p. 285   The Best Enemy Money Can Buy.
p. 359   The Electoral College.
p. 407   The London Connection.
p. 451  The Creature Swallows Congress.

Notes by:
"John C. Turmel" <Turmel@freenet.carleton.ca>
"John Cross" <iamivanhoe@hotmail.com>